Mozambique is becoming known as an exciting adventure location. Still in the process of developing as an international destination, much of Mozambique remains an explorer’s paradise.
Mozambique has preserved some of the best colonial era architecture and relics to be found on the continent. It has also preserved its African cultural heritage, which can be experienced through the art, music and food. Most of its territory stretches along the Indian Ocean, but it shares borders with Tanzania to the north, the Mozambique Channel to the east, South Africa and Swaziland to the south and southwest, Zimbabwe in the west, and Zambia, Malawi and Lake Nyasa in the northwest. It features some of Africa’s best natural harbors, making it important in the maritime economy of the Indian Ocean region.
Mozambique’s fertile lands have created an agricultural country with more than four-fifths of the labor force engaged in farming. The great Zambezi River provides water for irrigation and for hydroelectric power. The country is culturally diverse with several groups within the country including Makua-Lomwe, live the Tsonga, Sena, Ndau, Chopi, Chewa, Yao, Makonde and Ngoni.
The capital, Maputo, boasts fine colonial-era architecture with sidewalk cafés, bars and some of the liveliest nightlife in southern Africa. It sits in an attractive natural setting alongside the deep water harbor of Maputo Bay. It is the commercial and cultural center of the country. Other major cities and towns include Beira, Quelimane, Chimoio, Tete, Nampula, and Nacala.
Mozambique also supports diverse wildlife including water buffalo, elephants, warthogs, leopards, baboons, giraffes, zebras, antelopes, lions, and numerous other species of ungulates and cats. Crocodiles and hippopotamuses gather in slow-moving waterways. Flamingos, cranes, storks, herons, pelicans, ibis and many other tropical water birds as well as vultures, buzzards, guinea fowl, quail and a range of geese and ducks to enchant bird watchers. Game reservations are located largely in the central and southern areas, with the exception of Niassa Reserve on the Tanzanian border, the largest protected area in the country. Much of Mozambique remains an ideal adventurer’s destination.